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The Foundation Biology course aims to provide a range of knowledge and skills required for further study in Life Science. On successful completion of this course a student should:

  • have a knowledge of the language and basic ideas of biology
  • be able to describe and explain the phenomena observed or studied in the living world using established laws, theories and concepts
  • be able to perform a range of simple manipulative and measurement skills associated with a biology laboratory and during a field trip
  • be able to collect, organise, analyse, interpret and discuss data related to the living world
  • be able to use the scientific method to solve problems



Ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles, ecological change. Structure and function in plants, translocation, transpiration, photosynthesis. Organ systems in animals: digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, skeletomuscular, coordination and immune. Microstructure of cells; cellular respiration, photosynthesis. Meiosis; sexual reproduction in humans and flowering plants. Mendel’s laws of genetics; nature of genes; mutations. Biological evolution, natural selection and its genetic basis; Biotechnology.


Assumed knowledge

Prerequisite knowledge for the course includes cell structure and function; mitosis; chemical components of cells; classification hierarchy, classification of plants and animals. Those who have studied Biology previously will have an advantage. As with all science-related subjects, the study of Biology requires an ability to assimilate specialist words and to develop the language of science. The ability to process visual information and to present data in pictorial and tabular form is an advantage.


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